Tendons are those flexible cords of collagen tissue that attach muscles to bones and thereby move the parts of our body. They protect against the muscles from damage by absorbing external forces. When there is excessive load on tendons, for example during vigorous physical training such as sprinting or high jumping, damage and degeneration occurs as a result, AKA tendinopathy which will take you down the road of pain, swelling and impaired performance. If you are wondering how is someone likely to get tendinopathy, there are actually several risk factors that could lead to this painful condition such as:
All of the above factors can cause changes in tendon which if persisted can lead to tendinopathy; and the tendons commonly involved are Patellar tendon (knee), Achilles tendon (ankle), Hamstring tendon (hip). Now to discuss the important part of dealing with a tendon problem, this is what you should keep in mind:
Bottom line, the key factor in managing tendinopathy is: RELATIVE REST and LOAD MANAGEMENT. Also prevention is just as important so efforts should focus on identifying and correcting underlying risk factors and preventing them from causing a problem in the first place.
Maffulli, N., Sharma, P. and Luscombe, K.L., 2004. Achilles tendinopathy: aetiology and management. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 97(10), pp. 472-476.
Silbernagel, K.G. and Crossley, K.M., 2015. A Proposed Return-to-Sport Program for Patients With Midportion Achilles Tendinopathy: Rationale and Implementation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 45(11), pp. 876-886.